IN BRIEF - Blue Charity Business in European fisheries – first appraisal
Monday, November 12, 2012
The French NGO Collectif Pêche et Développement expresses the pleasure to present the report “Blue charity business”. They consider this document is of a great interest for public opinion, NGOs and for the fish industry.
In the current framework of negotiations of the European Common Fisheries Policy Reform, it is very important that any players which try to influence the debates should be fully transparent.
This report brings into lights for public opinion the donators of the Environmental NGOs which are currently lobbying in Bruxelles.
23% of worldwide catches, that is, 30 million tons of fish are thrown overboard every year. In most cases, the fish don't survive. A wasteful practice that needs to stop and will stop in Europe.
The landing obligation, which compels fishermen to bring to shore all catches, fully entered into force in January. This will end the unsustainable practice of throwing unwanted fish back into the sea.
Researchers have anticipated the market's needs and have been working on creating innovative fishing gears. Fishermen across Europe are investing in selective nets that allow them to better target their fishery and reduce unwanted catches. The landed fish that is not suitable for direct human consumption will not go to waste either. It can be used to produce fish meal, fish oil, pet food, food additives, pharmaceuticals and cosmetics.
A Euronews team has recently visited fishermen and researchers in Sweden and France and tagged along fishing trips to film their innovations in action. This is the first episode of the brand new TV series Ocean, which premiered on Friday and can be watched online.
MOSCOW — RIA Novosti. The Ministry of foreign Affairs of Japan expressed protest to Moscow due to the fact that the Russian border guards fined the Japanese ships fishing near the island of Kunashir in the southern Kurils. About it RIA Novosti said the Japanese foreign Ministry.
In particular, in Tokyo claim that the January 7, employees of the Russian border guards stopped Japanese fishing trawler “Casamara-18”. The guards revealed violations, then escorted the trawler to the port on Kunashir, and then, after clarification, was released.
Tokyo has called the actions unacceptable. While in the Japanese foreign Ministry referring to its position as on the four disputed Islands, and the Agreement on fisheries off the southern Kuril Islands from 21 February 1998, according to which Japanese vessels may fish in the area for a fee according to the allocated quota.
A researcher has poured water on "emotive" claims that warming seas have spawned an abundance of jellyfish, and instead pointed the finger at a correlation with sunspot activity.
Stings by the deadly Irukandji jellyfish have more than doubled the 10-year average in Queensland, while tens of thousands of bluebottle stings have been reported from Queensland to New South Wales since December.
Marine science professor Kylie Pitt from Griffith University is seeking to publish a research paper connecting jellyfish numbers to the 22-year cycle of solar sunspot activity and subsequent changes in magnetic fields.
Pulling together worldwide datasets of jellyfish that go back decades, she said her team found the creatures would increase in abundance for 10 years, then decrease, then start again in what was found to be a 22-year cycle.
WWF-Australia and BCG Digital Ventures have partnered to launch a new blockchain-based platform to track the environmental and ethical impact of food and products.
Launching the OpenSC platform in Sydney on Thursday, the organisations said they are hoping to help people and business avoid illegal, environmentally-damaging, or unethical products.
"Through OpenSC, businesses and consumers will have a whole new level of transparency about whether the food we eat is contributing to environmental degradation or social injustice such as slavery," said WWF-Australia CEO Dermot O'Gorman.
OpenSC works by scanning product QR codes. Once a QR code is scanned, the user is shown information about where a specific product came from, when and how it was produced, and how it travelled along the supply chain.
The official reason more than a million fish have died in a river in Australia is the hot dry weather, which has caused drought in New South Wales among other areas.
Amid the arid conditions, large algal blooms have drawn the oxygen out of the water, killing all the fish in stretches of the Darling River.
Tides of dead fish are now lining the banks where they are rotting quickly in record breaking temperatures which have seen parts of New South Wales facing an entire week over 40C, and highs of 46C in the area where the fish died.
A clean-up operation is underway, but water experts have warned that more fish are likely to die as the heatwave conditions continue. (Source: Harry Cockburn | )
In recent years increasing aquaculture production combined with a high variance in availability and cost of fishmeal and fish oil commodities, has led to a need to identify alternative source materials for protein and the polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) which fish oil is prized for containing.
Chloroplasts are the organelles in plants’ leaves where many of the valuable nutrients, fatty acids (FAs), amino acids, vitamins and pigments, are synthesised.
Chloroplasts could be incorporated into fish diets either retained in, or liberated from, plant cells. In this study zebrafish were fed with seven different diets individually; fish was fed with reducing fishmeal levels (10, 20 or 50%) by either spinach leaf powder (SLP) or a chloroplast rich fraction (CRF) prepared by an established method to recover chloroplasts. Both SLP and CRF had a positive impact on growth, taste response, whole fishFA composition, and carotenoid profile.
Fish fed with CRF diets showed significantly (P=0.05) greater a-linolenic (C18:3 n-3) and hexadecatrienoic (C16:3) acids content than those of SLP and the control. Hexadecanoic acid (C16:3) is a unique FA in the galactolipids of the chloroplast; its presence in zebrafish tissues proves that zebrafish digest and absorb chloroplast galactolipids.
Lutein profile of eggs produced by zebrafish fed with CRF diet was significantly (P=0.05) higher than that of SLP and control. Alterations in egg colour were also noted, warranting further investigations of diet impacts on fish fecundity, embryo fertility, hatch rate and larval survival. (Source: )
Shrimp fishing and sale prohibited for two months Mozambique
Mozambique fishing authorities announced that the fishing and sale of shrimp caught in the waters of the country will be prohibited for two months, in order to allow the recovery of stocks and preserve the resource.